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Whose Line Graph Is it Anyway?

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Numbered charts
Process Graph Equation Explanation
1 6 H In a food-limited environment bacteria tend to maximum number after initial exponential growth (following lag phase)
2 5 B Concentration will exponentially decay as drug is metabolised
3 9 E Pendulum will have an sinusodial motion with a decaying amplitude due to damping from air resistance
4 7 I Ideal gas equation $pV = nRT$ therefore pressure and volume are in a reciprocal relationship
5 2 A Ball is small and heavy, therefore assume air resistance is negligible at first and so acceleration is constant. $s = ut + \frac{1}{2}at^2$ therefore for $u=0;\ a=g \Rightarrow s=\frac{1}{2}gt^2$ (qualitatively vertical speed represented by gradient of graph is increasing)
6 1 F As concentration of reagent increases so does reaction rate, however as increase continues concentration of the catalyst becomes the limiting factor (saturation)
7 4 G When not food limited, bacteria follow exponential growth after initial lag phase
8 3 D Hours of daylight varies from a maximum at mid-summer to minimum at mid-winter, with a mean value of 12
9 8 C Earth's orbit is not perfectly circular therefore small oscillations about mean distance (1 AU) with period of one year (note non-zero origin on vertical axis)