Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways...

Take a look at the following and try to explain what's going on.

Work out $2^1, 2^2, 2^3, 2^4, 2^5, 2^6$...

For which values of $n$ will $2^n$ be a multiple of $10?$

Work out $2^n+3^n$ for some different odd values of $n$.

What do you notice?

What do you notice when $n$ is a multiple of $4?$

For which values of $n$ is $1^n + 2^n + 3^n$ even?

Work out $1^n + 2^n + 3^n + 4^n$ for some different values of $n$.

What do you notice?

What about $1^n + 2^n + 3^n + 4^n + 5^n?$

What other surprising results can you find? Here are some suggestions to start you off:

$4^n + 5^n + 6^n$

$3^n + 8^n$

$2^n + 4^n + 6^n$

$3^n + 5^n + 7^n$

$3^n - 2^n$

$7^n + 5^n - 3^n$

$3^n + 8^n$

$2^n + 4^n + 6^n$

$3^n + 5^n + 7^n$

$3^n - 2^n$

$7^n + 5^n - 3^n$

Can you justify your findings?

Click here for a poster of this problem.