What was it like to learn maths at school in the Victorian period?
We visited the British Schools Museum in Hitchin to find out.
Noticing the regular movement of the Sun and the stars has led to a desire to measure time. This article for teachers and learners looks at the history of man's need to measure things.
This is the first of a two part series of articles on the history
of Algebra from about 2000 BCE to about 1000 CE.
Published November 2008,February 2011.
Adrien-Marie Legendre (1752-1833) spent many years working on the parallel postulate and his efforts appear in different editions of his Éléments de Géométrie. Legendre proved that the fifth postulate is equivalent to the statement that the sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles . Legendre also obtained a number of consistent but counter-intuitive results in his investigations, but was unable to bring these ideas together into a consistent system.
Michele Emmer, (1993) The Visual Mind; Art and Mathematics MIT Press
J.L. Heilbron, (1998) Geometry Civilised; History, Culture and Technique . Clarendon Press, Oxford.
AND a book to look out for:
Eleanor Robson and Jackie Stedall (Editors) (December 2008), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics . Oxford University Press