Choose any three by three square of dates on a calendar page.
Circle any number on the top row, put a line through the other
numbers that are in the same row and column as your circled number.
Repeat this for a number of your choice from the second row. You
should now have just one number left on the bottom row, circle it.
Find the total for the three numbers circled. Compare this total
with the number in the centre of the square. What do you find? Can
you explain why this happens?
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and
once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of
the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some other
possibilities for yourself!
What happens to the perimeter of triangle ABC as the two smaller
circles change size and roll around inside the bigger circle?
Fill in the empty squares with As, Bs, Cs, Ds and Es so that no horizontal, vertical or diagonal line contains a letter more than once (including diagonals like the one A and E are on). Which letter goes in the square marked *?
If you liked this problem, here is an NRICH task which challenges you to use similar mathematical ideas.
This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.