Euler found four whole numbers such that the sum of any two of the numbers is a perfect square...
The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.
Find the frequency distribution for ordinary English, and use it to help you crack the code.
This is more efficient. Can you see why ?
What's going on, and why does it happen ?