Note that

${n^2 \over n+4}={n^2+16 \over n+4}-{16 \over n+4}={(n+4)(n-4) \over n+4}-{16 \over n+4}=n-4-{16 \over n+4}$.

So when $n> 12$, the remainder when $n^2$ is divided by $n+4$ is always $16$.

For $1 \leq n \leq 12$, the remainder when $n^2$ is divided by $n+4$ is shown in the table below.

$n\quad\quad\quad$ | 1 | 2 | 2 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 |

$n+4$ | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 |

remainder | 1 | 4 | 2 | 0 | 7 | 6 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 |

So there are $9$ different remainders, namely $0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 16$.

*This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.**View the archive of all weekly problems grouped by curriculum topic*

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