In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem,
but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?
If you take two tests and get a marks out of a maximum b in the first and c marks out of d in the second, does the mediant (a+c)/(b+d)lie between the results for the two tests separately.
This problem in geometry has been solved in no less than EIGHT ways
by a pair of students. How would you solve it? How many of their
solutions can you follow? How are they the same or different? Which
do you like best?
This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.