Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP
have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the
A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a
wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the
cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?
Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday
will be on next year, and the year after...
The 'difference of two squares' is a key algebraic transformation and problems like this can lead students into a deeper appreciation of that form through a further visualisation.
The problem of writing the number $105$ as the difference of two squares becomes a problem about factor pairs that make a product of $105$.
Draw out from the students how this transformation helps [we now seek factors of $105$ rather than guessing squares and calculating differences].
For $105$ (and then for $1155$) how many ways might there be, and why do you think that ?