A clinometer is a tool that is used to measure the angle of
elevation, or angle from the ground, in a right - angled triangle.
You can use a clinometer to measure the height of tall things that
you can't possibly reach to the top of, flag poles, buildings,
trees. Follow the directions below to create your own
You will need:
- A protractor with a small hole on the centre spot or
- Print out of paper protractor (see below)
- Poster board or card board (can be from a box) to back the
- 20 cm or about 8 inches of string or strong cotton
- Weight - such as a metal nut, paper clips or a small piece of
- Glue and Scissors
- A straw
- Clear Tape
- Items marked with the red check are needed with either type of
- If you are making a protractor, cut out the copy of the
- Get the piece of poster board or an empty box. Stick the paper
protractor on top of the card and cut the joined pieces.
- Get the straw and tape it to the straight edge of your
protractor that you made above.
- With your pen or pencil, poke a hole through the center of the
protractor where it meets the straw. Push the string
through the hole and tie a large knot on the other side so it won't
- Tie your weight to the other end of the string.
To use the clinometer:
The diagram shows what the assembled clinometer will look like
when laying an a flat surface. When using it, the straw will be on
You will need two people: one to look through the straw and site
the top of an object and one to read the degrees that the string
makes with the protractor.
- Find a tall tree (or building, flag pole etc.) in a place where
there is plenty of space to move away from the object that you are
- Look through the staw and find the top of the tree.
- Ask your friend to read the angle being recorded on the
clinometer. This is read where the string or cotton is touching the
- Keep moving back (or forward if you've gone too far) until you
have the clinometer angle measuring 45 degrees. With a 45 degree
angle your job will be much easier as the distance from you to the
tree will be equal to the distance from the ground to the top of
- Measure the distance between where you are standing and the
base of the tree.
- Measure the distance from your eyes to the ground (this is
where your partner is indispensible!)
- Add these two distances together - because to be most accurate
the triangle has to finish at your feet not your eyes.
- You now have a very close approximation of the height of the
tree, building or other tall structure.
You, the base of the tree and the top of the tree, form an
isosceles triangle meaning the distance from you to the base of the
tree is equal to the height of the tree (from the viewer's eyes to
This activity features in our
December 2008 Advent Calendar .