### Whole Number Dynamics I

The first of five articles concentrating on whole number dynamics, ideas of general dynamical systems are introduced and seen in concrete cases.

### Whole Number Dynamics II

This article extends the discussions in "Whole number dynamics I". Continuing the proof that, for all starting points, the Happy Number sequence goes into a loop or homes in on a fixed point.

### Whole Number Dynamics III

In this third of five articles we prove that whatever whole number we start with for the Happy Number sequence we will always end up with some set of numbers being repeated over and over again.

# Take Ten Sticks

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

Well done Martha in Southend for seeing this so clearly.

The line before 7 - 1 - 1 - 1 either had 1 or 7 heaps.

If 1 heap (of ten) then the next line would have to be 1 - 9 which isn't what we want.

But 7 heaps will work :

Three of those seven have to be twos so they'd go to ones at the next move.

That leaves four of the ten sticks for the other four spaces - so it has to be one in each place.

This means that the arrangement 2 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 is the only possible arrangement to go before 7 - 1 - 1 - 1

And could there be something before that 2 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 arrangement ?

Hamish from New Zealand had similar reasoning to Fiona (well done Hamish).

He then wondered about a generalisation.

If 7 - 1 - 1 - 1 can have some thing before it, will any number of heaps ( arranged as n and the rest ones ) always have something before it?

Exploring this conjecture, combinations such as 8 - 4 - 1 and 6 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 are possible by starting with

2 - 2 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 and 2 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 respectively.

What could come before 4 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 - 1 ?