A garrison of 600 men has just enough bread ... but, with the news
that the enemy was planning an attack... How many ounces of bread a
day must each man in the garrison be allowed, to hold out 45 days
against the siege of the enemy?
A manager of a forestry company has to decide which trees to plant.
What strategy for planting and felling would you recommend to the
manager in order to maximise the profit?
We have exactly 100 coins. There are five different values of
coins. We have decided to buy a piece of computer software for
39.75. We have the correct money, not a penny more, not a penny
less! Can you discover what the five different types of coins are
worth and how many of each we have saved?
If I pay the exact fare, the smallest number of coins I could use is 4 (2 x 20p and 2 x 2p). If I receive change, then it is not possible for only 2 coins to change hands since this would involve my giving the driver one coin (50p, £1 or £2) and receiving only one coin in change, but the necessary coin does not exist. However, if I give the driver a 50p coin and receive a 5p coin and a 1p coin in
change, then only 3 coins change hands.
This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.