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Points P, Q, R and S each divide the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively in the ratio of 2 : 1. Join the points. What is the area of the parallelogram PQRS in relation to the original rectangle?

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Triangles' Triangle

Weekly Problem 27 - 2009
The perimeter of a large triangle is 24 cm. What is the total length of the black lines used to draw the figure?

Square in a Triangle

Stage: 3 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2
See all short problems arranged by curriculum topic in the short problems collection

The diagram shows a right-angled isosceles triangle $XYZ$ which circumscribes a square $PQRS$. What is the ratio of the area of square $PQRS$ to the area of the triangle $XYZ$?

If you liked this problem, here is an NRICH task which challenges you to use similar mathematical ideas.  

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.