If the sides of the triangle in the diagram are 3, 4 and 5, what is
the area of the shaded square?
At the beginning of the night three poker players; Alan, Bernie and Craig had money in the ratios 7 : 6 : 5. At the end of the night the ratio was 6 : 5 : 4. One of them won $1 200. What were the assets of the players at the beginning of the evening?
A garrison of 600 men has just enough bread ... but, with the news
that the enemy was planning an attack... How many ounces of bread a
day must each man in the garrison be allowed, to hold out 45 days
against the siege of the enemy?
This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.