### Pebbles

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

### Great Squares

Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could measure lengths, areas and angles.

### Areas and Ratios

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

# Guillotine

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Short Challenge Level:

$\frac{5}{12}$

Let $AB$ and $AD$ be of length $b$ and $h$ respectively. Then the area of $ABCD = bh$ and the area of $$ABQP = \frac{1}{2}b\left(\frac{h}{2} + \frac{h}{3}\right)= \frac{5bh}{12}$$

Thus the required ratio is $\frac{5}{12}$.

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
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