You may also like

problem icon

Set Square

A triangle PQR, right angled at P, slides on a horizontal floor with Q and R in contact with perpendicular walls. What is the locus of P?

problem icon

Biggest Bendy

Four rods are hinged at their ends to form a quadrilateral with fixed side lengths. Show that the quadrilateral has a maximum area when it is cyclic.

problem icon

Strange Rectangle

ABCD is a rectangle and P, Q, R and S are moveable points on the edges dividing the edges in certain ratios. Strangely PQRS is always a cyclic quadrilateral and you can find the angles.

Strange Rectangle 2

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

From the solution to the problem Strange Rectangle (November 2001) you know angles $SPQ$ and $SRQ$ are right angles, angle $PQR$ is 45 degrees and angle $PSQ$ is 135 degrees.

For the first part you need to know

$ \tan 60^{\circ} = \sqrt3$

When you take $x=\sqrt 3$ and $y=1$ and use the triangles in the diagram you can find the exact values of the sine, cosine and tangent of these angles in surd form.

Look carefully at $AS$ and $SD$ for the second part. Here you take $x=\sqrt 2 + 1$ and $y=1$ to find the exact values of the trigonometric ratios for $22.5$ degrees and $67.5$ degrees.