Choose two digits and arrange them to make two double-digit
numbers. Now add your double-digit numbers. Now add your single
digit numbers. Divide your double-digit answer by your single-digit
answer. Try lots of examples. What happens? Can you explain it?
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
The units digit of the product is $3$; therefore the remainder
when that number is divided by $5$ is also $3$.
This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.View the archive of all weekly problems grouped by curriculum topic