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Diagonal Sums

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Diagonal Sums

Here is a $100$ square with some of the numbers shaded:

100 square with some shaded numbers

Look at the green square which contains the numbers $2, 3, 12$ and $13$.
What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other?
Do you notice anything?
Look at the pink square.
Does the same thing happen?
What about the yellow square?
You could try with other squares which have four numbers in them.
Why does this happen?

Look at the squares shaded red. They form the corners of a large $3$ by $3$ square.
If you add the numbers diagonally opposite each other, what happens?

What happens for squares of different sizes?

You may like to print off this 100 square to try out some different squares of numbers.

Why do this problem?

This problem demonstrates the power of the 100 square in helping pupils to recognise number properties and in beginning to reason carefully. The latter, at this level, can be considered as a form of proof.

Possible approach

Key questions

Possible extension

Possible support

The printable version of the 100 square might be useful for children to try out a variety of diagonal sums.