### Smith and Jones

Mr Smith and Mr Jones are two maths teachers. By asking questions, the answers to which may be right or wrong, Mr Jones is able to find the number of the house Mr Smith lives in... Or not!

### Binomial Coefficients

An introduction to the binomial coefficient, and exploration of some of the formulae it satisfies.

# Spot the Card

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

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### The Trick:

Select any 15 cards from a pack and lay them out on the table - face up - in three equal columns.

Ask someone to choose one card from the 15 and tell you which column it is in.
• Collect up the three columns into piles keeping the cards in order.
• Put the three piles together with the chosen column in the middle.

Now lay out the cards again - face up - in three columns placing one card in each column in turn. Ask the person which column contains the card this time.

Collect up the cards in the same way and lay them out for a third time.

Ask once more which column the card is in - collecting the cards for the third and last time in the same way - with the chosen column in the middle.

Now count down to the middle (8th) card and show it to the person. "Is that your card?"

## The problem:

Why does this trick always work?

Are there any other numbers of cards for which this works?

What is the largest number?

Can the trick be adapted for different numbers?