It helps to have seen a proof that $\sqrt 2$ is irrational and to appreciate how the logic of arguments by contradiction work.
Then you only need to know the definition of an arithmetic series to do this problem. If the difference between $\sqrt 2$ and $\sqrt 3$ is an integer multiple of the common difference in an arithmetic series, and the difference between $\sqrt 3$ and $\sqrt 5$ is also an integer multiple of that common difference, can you use these two facts to write down two expressions, eliminate the unknown common difference and then find an impossible relationship?