### Just Rolling Round

P is a point on the circumference of a circle radius r which rolls, without slipping, inside a circle of radius 2r. What is the locus of P?

### Coke Machine

The coke machine in college takes 50 pence pieces. It also takes a certain foreign coin of traditional design. Coins inserted into the machine slide down a chute into the machine and a drink is duly released. How many more revolutions does the foreign coin make over the 50 pence piece going down the chute? N.B. A 50 pence piece is a 7 sided polygon ABCDEFG with rounded edges, obtained by replacing AB with arc centred at E and radius EA; replacing BC with arc centred at F radius FB ...etc..

### Rotating Triangle

What happens to the perimeter of triangle ABC as the two smaller circles change size and roll around inside the bigger circle?

# All Tied Up

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:
I really enjoy wrapping presents - pieces of ribbon, bows and pretty paper - trying to make the present as attractive as possible.

I like to run a ribbon around the box so that it makes a complete loop with two parallel pieces of ribbon on the top (and on the bottom) of the box.

The ribbon crosses every face once, except the top and bottom, which it crosses twice.

The ribbon rests tightly against the box all the way round because the angle at which it meets a corner is continued onto the next face.

I can cut the ribbon in advance of placing it around the box and I can slide the ribbon around a little to position it.

If the box is $20 \text{ cm}$ by $10 \text{ cm}$ by $5 \text{cm}$ - how long will the ribbon be?

Show why it is possible for me to "slide" the ribbon.

What will it be for any box with height $h$, width $w$ and length $l$? (n.b. the length and width are the longer distances and form the top of the box. Would the string be longer or shorter if this was not the case?)