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One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down.

single cube

$4$ blocks make an up-and-down staircase with $2$ steps up and $2$ steps down.

four cubes in 2 step up and down staircase

How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with $5$ steps up and $5$ steps down?

Explain how you would work out the number of blocks needed to build a staircase with any number of steps.