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A pencil AB lying on a table is given a half turn about the end B (so that A moves to A*) and then a half turn about A* (so that B moves to B*). The point C on the pencil is one third of the way from A to B.
What is the ratio of the total distances moved by A and by C?
If you liked this problem, here is an NRICH task which challenges you to use similar mathematical ideas.
This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.