### Golden Thoughts

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

### Days and Dates

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

# Pencil Turning

##### Stage: 4 Short Challenge Level:

A pencil AB lying on a table is given a half turn about the end B (so that A moves to A*) and then a half turn about A* (so that B moves to B*). The point C on the pencil is one third of the way from A to B.

What is the ratio of the total distances moved by A and by C?

If you liked this problem, here is an NRICH task which challenges you to use similar mathematical ideas.

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
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