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Consecutive Numbers

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

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Golden Thoughts

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

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Ladder and Cube

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

Integer and Integer

Stage: 3 and 4 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Note that :

$\frac{n+3}{n-1} = \frac{n-1}{n-1} + \frac{4}{n-1} = 1 + \frac{4}{n-1}$. Thus $\frac{n+3}{n-1}$ is an integer if and only if $n-1$ divides exactly into $4$. The values of $n$ for which this is true are $-3, -1, 0,2,3,5$.

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
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