The game uses a 3x3 square board. 2 players take turns to play,
either placing a red on an empty square, or changing a red to
orange, or orange to green. The player who forms 3 of 1 colour in a
This game for two players comes from Ghana. However, stones that were marked for this game in the third century AD have been found near Hadrian's Wall in Northern England.
Reasoning based on this Japanese activity.
Copy of the game board (or download one)
2 numbered cubes
About 20 yellow and 20 red counters.
Decide who will go first.
Choose one of the coloured starting squares.
Close to your place, stack the counters that are the same colour as your starting square.
The person with the yellow starting square will travel down the board.
The person with the red starting square will travel across the board.
Take turns throwing the two numbered cubes.
Find the difference between the two numbers showing on the cubes.
Collect the same number of counters of your colour.
Place the counters in a line one next to each other on the board beginning at your starting square.
The line does not need to be straight - you can place the counters to the side of each other.
You cannot skip a square. You cannot move diagonally.
If you come to a counter of the other player's that is blocking your line, you will have to travel around that counter!
The first person to reach the other side with an unbroken line of their counters is the winner.