This game for two players comes from Ghana. However, stones that were marked for this game in the third century AD have been found near Hadrian's Wall in Northern England.
Reasoning based on this Japanese activity.
A game somewhat similar to 'noughts and crosses' on a much larger
This game was sold commercially thirty odd years ago, and some
families may have a box in their games cupboard, but all you need
are six sets of cards numbered 1 to 20 (click here to download a set of
numbers to print out). The game is suitable for very young
children, as long as they can count from 1 to 20, and there can be
quick reversals of fortune, a good family game! Because it is
simple, 'Up and Down Donkey' provides many possibilities for you to
invent your own game by creatively varying the rules of this
The object of the game is to build up six stacks in the middle of
the table, face up, in order from 1 at the bottom to 20 on the top.
The first player to get rid of all his cards is the winner. If the
game has to stop at a pre-arranged time the player with the fewest