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Scoring with Dice

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Scoring with Dice


I have a handful of dice:

5 dice

I throw three of them and get 5, 3 and 2:

3dice

Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you get?

The next time I throw four of the dice and add and multiply the score as before.
This time the product is exactly 4 times the sum. What scores could I have thrown?

Again I throw four of the dice, adding and multiplying the scores as above. This time the product is exactly 5 times the sum. What scores could I have thrown?

For the last go I throw five of the dice and add and multiply the scores. The product is exactly 6 times the sum. What scores could I have thrown this time?


Why do this problem?

This problem will require learners to work systematically and involve trial and improvement. Learners will need to use addition and multiplication and some knowledge of factors and multiples.

Key questions

What number would be a good one to try first?
Does that number have factors that you have on the dice?
What is the highest number you could get when you add the scores of $4$ (or $5$) dice?
What is the highest number you could get when you multiply the scores of $4$ (or $5$) dice?

Possible extension

Learners could throw four or five real dice and add and multiply the scores obtained.

Possible support

Suggest listing the factors of suitable numbers such as $24$, $30$ and $48$ to start with.