Skip over navigation
Guide and features
Guide and features
Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
Featured Early Years Foundation Stage; US Kindergarten
Featured UK Key Stage 1&2; US Grades 1-5
Featured UK Key Stage 3-5; US Grades 6-12
Featured UK Key Stage 1, US Grade 1 & 2
Featured UK Key Stage 2; US Grade 3-5
Featured UK Key Stages 3 & 4; US Grade 6-10
Featured UK Key Stage 4 & 5; US Grade 11 & 12
Dotty Grids in the Classroom
Stage: 3, 4 and 5
Article by Charlie Gilderdale and Alison Kiddle
, we have chosen the environment of a dotty grid and put together some starting points to encourage students to explore and discover some mathematical ideas.
Starting with a blank dotty grid, students begin by simply
. This can provoke thoughts about properties of squares, and can lead to important insights involving
. Exploring diagonals of
can lead to generalisations that can be proved geometrically or using vectors.
We invite students to consider
. After a period of exploration, they may discover results such as
, while getting plenty of practice at finding areas.
Students can explore distance on dotty grids, using taxi-cab geometry. A simple starting point about
how to get from A to B
can lead to a wide variety of interesting mathematical questions. Pascal's Triangle and the Binomial Theorem might even crop up!
These starting points capture our "Low Threshold High Ceiling" philosophy. The starting points offer investigative opportunities that are accessible to a wide range of students. These can prompt conjectures, generalisations, justification and proof as well as more advanced mathematical content.
The resources offer an informal and unstructured approach for students to work on individually and make discoveries for themselves and at their own pace. To see how you could use these starting points in the classroom to encourage collaborative learning and problem solving, take a look at
showing how two members of the NRICH team worked with a group of students in a structured lesson on finding
areas of squares
. Other starting points can be used in the classroom in a similar way. We would be delighted to
hear from teachers
who wish to share their stories about how these starting points can lead to multiple discoveries.
To support exploration on dotty grids, we have developed an
interactive dotty grids environment
. The interactive tool records not just the finished drawing but also how it was made, so it can be used for students to record and share the development of their thinking. There is a "share" button to allow students to send us their drawings together with their ideas. Of course, you can also print out
for students to work on with pencil and ruler, and share pictures of their work with us. We have also used
in some of the starting points, so students might find it useful - it is free to download.
We hope you and your students will share ideas beyond your own classroom and contribute to a worldwide community of young mathematicians through the NRICH site! We'd welcome any interesting ideas, alternative starting points, discoveries, conjectures, generalisations, justifications or proofs that students wish to
Meet the team
The NRICH Project aims to enrich the mathematical experiences of all learners. To support this aim, members of the NRICH team work in a wide range of capacities, including providing professional development for teachers wishing to embed rich mathematical tasks into everyday classroom practice. More information on many of our other activities can be found here.
Register for our mailing list
Copyright © 1997 - 2014. University of Cambridge. All rights reserved.
NRICH is part of the family of activities in the
Millennium Mathematics Project