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Ladder and Cube

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

Pyramidal N-gon

Stage: 3 and 4 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The base of the pyramid has $n$ edges, so also has $n$ vertices around the base. This then means that there are $n$ edges around the base (in red) of the pyramid and $n$ that meet at the apex (in black).
This means there are $2n$ edges in total.

There are also $n$ faces that meet at the apex of the pyramid, and one more for the base, so a total of $n+1$ faces.

Therefore the difference is $2n - (n+1) = n-1$.

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
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