### Golden Thoughts

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

### Building Tetrahedra

Can you make a tetrahedron whose faces all have the same perimeter?

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

# Collatz-ish

##### Stage: 4 Short Challenge Level:

The first term of a sequence of positive integers is $6$. The other terms in the sequence follow these rules:

if a term is even then divide it by $2$ to obtain the next term;
if a term is odd then multiply it by $5$ and subtract $1$ to obtain the next term.

For which values of $n$ is the $n$th term equal to $n$?

If you liked this problem, here is an NRICH task that challenges you to use similar mathematical ideas.

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
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