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Building Tetrahedra

Can you make a tetrahedron whose faces all have the same perimeter?

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Ladder and Cube

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

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Areas and Ratios

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

Quarters

Stage: 4 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2
 
The diagram shows the top-right-hand portion of the square.
The shaded trapezium is labelled QXYZ and W is the point at which ZY produced meets PQ.
As QXYZ is an isosceles trapezium, ∠QZY = ∠ZQX = 45°.
Also, as YX is parallel to ZQ, ∠XYW = ∠WXY = 45°. So WYX and WZQ are both isosceles right-angled triangles. As ∠ZWQ = 90° and Z is at centre of square PQRS, we deduce that W is the midpoint of PQ. Hence WX = XQ = $\frac{1}{4}$PQ. So the ratio of the side-lengths of similar triangles WYX and WZQ is 1:2 and hence the ratio of their areas 1:4.
Therefore the area of trapezium QXYZ = $\frac{3}{4}$ x area of triangle ZWQ = $\frac{3}{32}$ x area PQRS since triangle ZWQ is one-eighth of PQRS. So the fraction of the square which is shaded is 4 x $\frac{3}{32}$ = $\frac{3}{8}$.

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.