### Consecutive Numbers

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

### Golden Thoughts

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

# Rhombus Diagonal

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Short Challenge Level:

Adjacent angles on a straight line add up to 180°, so ∠GJF = 180° -111° = 69°.
In triangle FGJ, GJ = GF so ∠GFJ = ∠GJF. Therefore ∠FGJ =(180 - 2 x 69)° = 42°.  s FGHI is a rhombus, FG = FI and therefore ∠GIF = ∠FGI = 42°.

Finally, from triangle FJI, ∠JFI = (180 - 111 - 42)° = 27°.

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
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