### Consecutive Numbers

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

### Golden Thoughts

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

# Painted Octahedron

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Short Challenge Level:

Only two colours are needed for the upper four faces of the octahedron. If, for example, blue and red are used then these four faces may be painted alternately red and blue. Consider now the lower four faces: every face adjacent to an upper blue face may be painted red and every face adjacent to an upper red face may be painted blue. So only two colours are required for the whole octahedron.

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.
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