You may also like

problem icon

Circles Ad Infinitum

A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle. Smaller circles touch it and the sides of the triangle, the process continuing indefinitely. What is the sum of the areas of all the circles?

problem icon

Lunar Leaper

Gravity on the Moon is about 1/6th that on the Earth. A pole-vaulter 2 metres tall can clear a 5 metres pole on the Earth. How high a pole could he clear on the Moon?

problem icon

The Root Cause

Prove that if a is a natural number and the square root of a is rational, then it is a square number (an integer n^2 for some integer n.)

Can You Prove It?

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1
Here are six statements for you to try to prove clearly and concisely. Once you have had a go, follow the links to see how other students solved each one.

Perfectly Square

We are first given that: $$x_1 = 2^2 + 3^2 + 6^2$$ $$x_2 = 3^2 + 4^2 + 12^2$$ $$x_3 = 4^2 + 5^2 + 20^2$$ Then show that $x_n$ is always a perfect square.

Always Perfect
Prove that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive whole numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Unit Interval
Take any two numbers between $0$ and $1$. Prove that the sum of the numbers is always less than one plus their product.

That is, if $0< x< 1$ and $0< y< 1$ then prove

$$x+y< 1+xy$$.

Sums of Squares
$2(5^2 + 3^2) = 2(25 + 9) = 68 = 64 + 4 = 8^2 + 2^2$
$2(7^2 + 4^2) = 2(49 + 16) = 130 = 121 + 9 = 11^2 + 3^2$
Prove that if you double the sum of two squares you get the sum of two squares.

For What?
Prove that if the integer $n$ is divisible by $4$ then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

Mod 3
Prove that if $a^2+b^2$ is a multiple of $3$ then both $a$ and $b$ are multiples of $3$.